Costa Rica is the green heart of Central America, nestled between the Caribbean Sea coast to the east and the Paziﬁk Mountains to the west. The country borders Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. The capital of Costa Rica is San Jose and the official language is Spanish. With a land area of only 51,100 square kilometers, Costa Rica is a rather small country, but with no less than twelve climate zones and an extremely high biodiversity per square kilometer, which can be described as unique in the world. Beautiful sandy beaches, crystal clear
Mountain rivers, active volcanoes, dry savannahs, exotic wildlife and last but not least the evergreen tropical rainforest make Costa Rica a country to be discovered.
The unique forests of Costa Rica are characterized in many places by up to 50 meters high tree giants that form huge crowns. The sight of these titans is simply overwhelming. Some of the most valuable tropical hardwood trees grow here. Germinated untold generations ago, scarred by wind and weather, they still stand and green. Sometimes monumental, sometimes whimsical, but always venerable and admirable. The number of tree species to be ﬁnd in Costa Rica is around 2,200 species. An impressive number that
makes “the tree” the most important element of this biodiversity.
“Trees are the oldest and most useful living things on this earth. Our civilization, our evolutionary development, our history and our present existence are unimaginable without trees. Without it, there would be no human culture:
no fire, no houses, no ships, no weapons, no ploughs, no paper, no books and – hardly any oxygen to breathe. The trees could live without man, but we could not live without them. Unfortunately, many people have long forgotten that!”
In the dry northwest of the country grows the national tree of Costa Rica, the Guanacaste tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum) named after the province. The Fruit shape resembles the human ear, which is why the tree is commonly called the ear tree. The ear tree can grow up to 45 meters high and has a distinctive crown, which not infrequently has a diameter of 40 meters. has.
Where there is much light there is also much shadow
Climate change and environmental degradation have left their mark on Costa Rica. Nearly 80 percent of the tropical rainforest was cleared without restraint in the 1970s and 1980s. Until the government pulled the emergency brake with all its might and, through the consistent implementation of environmental policy programmes in terms of climate and nature and forest protection, managed to bring about the return of more than 50
percent of the land area is covered by healthy forest.
Mission of the Green Industry Group
But there is still a lot to do. Behind the government’s back, large areas of forest are repeatedly cut down out of sheer proﬁt greed. This is where the mission of the Green Industry Group comes into play. We buy up endangered forest areas in areas that are to be cleared for agricultural purposes, i.e. for the establishment of monocultures. These forest areas are registered and thus become untouchable for logging. In this way we expand still existing forest areas and involve the local farmers in our work and employ them.
Buy trees: Save the rainforest now!
For your donations for the preservation of the rainforest we work in Europe exclusively with our partner PLANT-M-TREE. The Foundation. collectively